Description: Small perennial, bushy herb with white coat eriodes, reaches up to 35cm in height. The stem of the plant is square, ramose and has oval leaves, with or slightly heart-shaped strongylomeni base intact truss straps. In each knee, shoot bears a pair of leaves, arranged crosswise to the overlying and underlying pairs. The sheet is covered by a large number of non-glandular oxylikton branched hairs. They make the velvety texture of the leaf. The role of these hairs are protective. H distribution in the leaf surface is uniform. Their number, however, is greater for the lower epidermis of the leaf, so it seems lighter color on top. The package also bears glandular hairs which appear as translucent droplets dispersed throughout the surface. The glandular hairs figures below the non-glandular hairs. The glandular hairs are the main sources of the essential oil.
Flowering: Anthotaxies in groups of 3-10, dense, oval or oblong, spaced on a modular layout. The arrangement of flowers found in the axillary or extreme vertebrae is formed monochasia or divide. Bracts leaf, purple, beyond the cap. Calyx tube. The lower part of ellovo with two lobes. Corolla pink, with a double lumen in length than the cap.
Propagation: The Dittany planted every October, because if you leave the same plant output slacks. Planted seedlings are watered and, depending on the dryness of the soil, two to three times a week. The planting of plants from seed, from cuttings or suckers, is autumn (October-November) or spring (February-March).
Requirements: This plant grows on calcareous rocks, broken rocks and crevices, usually in shadow parts in altitude from 300 to 1500. Prefers rocky and rugged locations. This endemic species of Crete, and has declared endangered because of overfishing. Populations of the plant located in the gorge of Samaria, where, as a national park, the collection is prohibited by law. The Cretan dittany self-sown in mountainous and hilly limestone areas in canyons, cliffs and rocks in mountainous areas, mainly in the eastern slopes of the mountains and Dikti Ida in Crete. In particular, situated on the rocky areas Palaiochorio schilling, rocks and steep slopes of the peninsula Spada, the White Mountains, Kissamos, the Sirakari, Kouneni, Sfinari, Malevitsis, Heraklio Town, Psiloritis, Messara, term net Kourtaliotiko, Kotsifou , Agia Galini, Spili Houdetsi, Embaros.
Decorative value: It is grown as an ornamental.
Utility: As infusion used as a stimulant and antispasmodic. A decoction is used for headaches, neuralgia, against gingivitis and toothache. Also given in tonsillitis, colds, coughs and sore throats. It's good for stomach disorders, digestive function and relieves stomachaches. It is also considered spasmolytic, diuretic and to relieve pains in the kidneys. Used for liver diseases but also as emmenagogue (believing that it can also lead to miscarriage). Finally it is stated that the tea helps the pains of rheumatism. The usual dosage is 2 cups a day, preferably morning and evening. As a tincture diluted commonly used as decoction for external use. As poultices or compresses used externally for headaches, pains in the stomach and liver ailments. Also for skin inflammations, bruises, ulcers and as an antiseptic. The patches in the abdomen help in childbirth. The poultice of pulp is very effective on bruises as Halitosis. So effective is the chewing of the leaves, which is indicated for sore throats. As a powder used as an antimicrobial, antiseptic, anthelmintic antiaimorragiko medicine and healing using external.Used parts: All aboveground plant parts.Collection: The collection is made when the plant is in flowering stage. Collect the flowering stems with few leaves of the base and separate the remaining parts of the plant. Throughout the growing season are 2-4 collections. The first collection occurs at the end of May and a month later, until August. Collected mainly flowering tops and leaves before full bloom, not eradicated the plant. When it comes to wild should always be made to the possible destruction of habitat and the overall population. H collection, like all herbs should not be done after rain or very humid days, it destroyed the collected parts. Usually the plants with essential oils collected in the morning, as the heat of the day evaporates the essential oil of the plant. If the morning is very wet, collecting best done before sundown.Therapeutics and Pharmacology: The essential oil coming from the spathes of both cultivated and wild plant displays patient antistafylokkokiki action. Unlike the essential oil of leaves of both cultivated and wild plant displays remarkable activity. Besides cytotoxic, the essential oil of Origanum dictamnus displays and insecticide. The Diktamos traditionally used as anti-bloody, healing substance, confirmed last action against stomach ulcers. The antioxidant activity of aqueous extract is particularly significant as it demonstrates the possibility of manipulation of the food industry as a preservative. The uses referred to in literature as a digestive, antibacterial, antiseptic, anthelmintic, antiaimorragiko, healing, emmenagogue, anticonvulsant, sedative for stomach aches and nerve impulses. It is reported that facilitates bedtime (pregnant) and epilepsy. The essential oil also has economic importance in wine (martini) and cosmetology.Indications: Stomach disorders, pain, seizures, abrasions, wounds.Preparation and dosage: two to three times daily, depending on the type of preparation.Species: Almost the only species endemic to Crete.
Επιστ. Όνομα : Origanum dictamnus
Συλλογή: Η συλλογή γίνεται όταν το φυτό βρίσκεται στο στάδιο της άνθισης. Συλλέγονται οι ανθοφόροι βλαστοί με τα λίγα φύλλα της βάσης τους και χωριστά τα υπόλοιπα μέρη του φυτού. Σε όλη τη βλαστική περίοδο γίνονται 2-4 συλλογές. Η πρώτη συλλογή γίνεται στο τέλος του Μαΐου και ένα μήνα αργότερα, μέχρι και Αύγουστο. Συλλέγονται κυρίως οι ανθισμένες κορυφές και τα φύλλα του, πριν την πλήρη άνθιση, χωρίς να ξεριζώνεται το φυτό. Όταν πρόκειται για άγριο πρέπει πάντα να λαμβάνεται πρόνοια για την πιθανή καταστροφή του βιότοπου και του συνολικού πληθυσμού .H συλλογή του, όπως και όλων των αρωματικών φυτών δεν πρέπει να γίνεται μετά από βροχή ή τις πολύ υγρές μέρες, γιατί καταστρέφονται τα συλλεγόμενα τμήματα. Συνήθως τα φυτά με αιθέρια έλαια συλλέγονται το πρωί, καθώς η ζέστη της ημέρας εξατμίζει το αιθέριο έλαιο του φυτού. Αν το πρωινό είναι ιδιαίτερα υγρό, η συλλογή καλύτερα να γίνεται πριν τη δύση του ηλίου.
Προετοιμασία και δόση : Δύο ως τρις φορές ημερησίως και ανάλογα του τύπου του σκευάσματος.
Είδη : Σχεδόν μοναδικό είδος το ενδημικό φυτό της Κρήτης.